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Labrador Retriever
Labrador Retriever

Country of Origin: Canada

Group: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs

Section: Retrievers

Original Function: water retrieving

Todays Function: water retrieving, assistance, obedience competition, retriever field trials

Dimension Male: 56-61 cm

Dimension Female: 53-58 cm

Weight Male: 27-36 kg

Weight Female: 25-32 kg

Litter Size: 6-8 puppies

Life span: 10-12 years

Other Names: Lab, English Retriever, St. JohnS Dog, Black Water

Colors: Black, yellow, chocolate

Living: Labrador retrievers do not do well without some kind of yard for exercise. urban apartments will wor



There are two types of Labradors, the English Labrador and the American Labrador. The English bred lab comes from English bred stock. Their general appearance is different. The English bred labs are heavier, thicker and blockier. The American bred Lab comes from American bred stock and is tall and lanky. The Labrador Retriever is a solid, muscular dog, slightly longer than tall, with a short, hard, easy-care, water-resistant double coat that does not have any waves and comes in solid black, yellow, or chocolate. There is also said to be a rare silver or gray color that is referred to by the AKC as a shade of chocolate. This color is controversial and some claim it is a Weimeriner cross, while others say it is a true mutation. The Labrador has a broad head, thick nose, scissors bite and a pronounced stop. Its muzzle is fairly wide and its neck is powerful. The eyes are chestnut or hazel with an intelligent expression. The medium-sized ears are pendant. The otter tail is strong, thick near the body then tapering, and completely covered with hair. Its limbs have good bone structure. The webbed feet aid in swimming.


Few breeds so richly deserve their popularity as the Labrador retriever. Devoted, obedient and amiable, the Lab is good with children, other dogs and other pets. It will be a calm house dog, playful yard dog and intense field dog, all on the same day. It is eager to please, enjoys learning and excels in obedience. It is a powerful breed that loves to swim and retrieve. It needs daily physical and mental challenges to keep it occupied, however; a bored Lab can get into trouble.


Labradors are active and sociable dogs. They need daily exercise, preferably in the form of retrieving and swimming. Owners with swimming pools either must fence them out or be prepared to share the pool with dog. The Lab coat sheds water easily. It needs weekly brushing to remove dead hair. Although Labs can live outdoors in temperate climates, they are much happier indoors with their family.


The smooth, short-haired, double coat is easy to groom. Comb and brush regularly with a firm, bristle brush, paying attention to the undercoat. Bathe or dry shampoo only when necessary. These dogs are average shedders.


Major concerns: CHD, gastric torsion, retinal dysplasia/skeletal dwarfism, muscular dystrophy, elbow dysplasia

Minor concerns: cataract, OCD, CPRA, pyotraumatic dermatitis

Occasionally seen: diabetes, entropion, distichiasis

Suggested tests: hip, elbow, eye