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English Mastiff
English Mastiff

Country of Origin: Great Britain

Group: Pointing Dogs

Section: British and Irish Pointers and Setters

Original Function: guardian

Todays Function: guardian

Dimension Male: 76 cm

Dimension Female: 69 cm

Weight Male: 79-86 kg

Weight Female: 79-86 kg

Litter Size: 2-5 puppies

Life span: 10-12 years

Other Names: Mastiff, Old English Mastiff

Colors: Fawn, apricot, or brindle

Living: The mastiff does need a minimal amount of exercise. a small fenced yard is sufficient. they are rela



The Old English Mastiff is one of the heaviest breeds; a male Mastiff can exceed 200 pounds. This dog is very massive, powerful and muscular. The head is heavy and square with a short muzzle. There is a black mask around the eyes and nose no matter what the general coat color. The eyes are small, dark, and hazel. The small ears should also be dark-colored. The teeth should meet in a scissors or slightly undershot bite. The tail is set quite high, tapers to the tip, and reaches to the hocks. The short coat comes in golden fawn, light fawn, brindle, silver, tiger, and apricot and is easy to groom. In the eighteenth century it was described as follows: "As a lion is to a cat, so is a mastiff compared to a dog"


The mastiff is innately good-natured, calm, easygoing and surprisingly gentle. It is a well-mannered house pet, but it needs sufficient room to stretch out. This is an extremely loyal breed, and though not excessively demonstrative, it is devoted to its family and good with children.


The adult mastiff needs daily moderate exercise, consisting of either a good walk or game. It does not enjoy hot weather. It can live outdoors in temperate or cool weather, but it does not do well in warm weather; in fact, even though it may be physically able to live outside, it is a breed that should live inside with its family so that it will be inclined to fulfill its role of devoted guardian. It tends to drool. Coat care is minimal.


The smooth, short-haired coat is easy to groom. Brush with a firm bristle brush and wipe over with a piece of toweling or chamois for a gleaming finish. Bathe or dry shampoo when necessary. This breed is an average shedder.


Major concerns: CHD, gastric torsion

Minor concerns: ectropion, PPM, vaginal hyperplasia, elbow dysplasia, PRA

Occasionally seen: cardiomyopathy

Suggested tests: hip, elbow, eye

Note: Obesity can be a problem.