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English Bulldog
English Bulldog

Country of Origin: England

Group: Sheepdogs and Cattle Dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs)

Section: Cattle Dogs (except Swiss Cattle dogs)

Original Function: bull baiting

Todays Function: companion

Dimension Male: 31-40 cm

Dimension Female: 31-40 cm

Weight Male: 24-25 kg

Weight Female: 22-23 kg

Litter Size: 4-5 puppies

Life span: 8 ? 10 years

Other Names: Bulldog, British Bulldog

Colors: red, fawn, brindle, white, piebald, yellow or any combination of colors. Solid black color is not co

Living: Indoors, good in apartments and small spaces.



The Bulldog is small in stature, but wide and compact, with a thick, massive head. Its head should be broad (the broader the more prized) with cheeks that extend to the sides of the eyes. The skin on the skull and forehead should fall in dense folds. Its muzzle is short and pug, its nose, broad and black with large nostrils. Its upper lip is pendent and its lower jaw should be very undershot. Eyes are very round, far apart and very dark. The ears should be small and thin, folded back in the form of a rose. The tail is short and carries low. The coat comes in red, fawn, brindle, pale yellow or washed-out red, or white, and can combine any of these colors. Black is not acceptable. The Muzzle is sometimes dark. With its stocky legs set squarely at each corner of its compact, muscular body, the Bulldog"s deliberate gain has become a waddle.


Despite its "sourmug," the bulldog is jovial, comical and amiable, among the most docile and mellow of dogs. It is willing to please, although it retains a stubborn streak. It is very good with children. Most are moderately friendly toward strangers. Although some can be aggressive with strange dogs, the breed is quite good with other pets.


The bulldog appreciates a daily outing but cannot tolerate hot humid weather. It should not be expected to jog or walk great distances, or to jump from any heights. Most bulldogs cannot swim. Most bulldogs wheeze and snore, and some drool. Coat care is minimal, but facial wrinkles (and any folds around the tail) should be cleaned daily.


The smooth, fine, short-haired coat is easy to groom. Comb and brush with a firm bristle brush, and bathe only when necessary. Wipe the face with a damp cloth every day to clean inside the wrinkles. This breed is an average shedder.


Major concerns: CHD, KCS, stenotic nares, elongated soft palate, shoulder luxation, internalized tail

Minor concerns: entropion, ectropion, distichiasis, CHD, elbow dysplasia, cherry eye, patellar luxation

Occasionally seen: urethral prolapse, vaginal hyperplasia

Suggested tests: hip, elbow, knee, (eye)

Note: It is prone to skin fold dermatitis unless the wri