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Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

Country of Origin: Great Britain

Group: Companion and Toy Dogs

Section: English Toy Spaniels

Original Function: flushing small birds, lapdog

Todays Function: companion

Dimension Male: 30-33 cm

Dimension Female: 30-33 cm

Weight Male: 5-8 kg

Weight Female: 5-8 kg

Litter Size: 2-6 puppies, average 5

Life span: 9-14 years

Other Names: Ruby Spaniel, Blenheim Spaniel, King Charles Spani

Colors: Red and white (blenheim), black and tan (king charles) tricolor (prince charles) and solid, dark red

Living: The cavalier king charles spaniel does very well in small spaces such as apartments but is also idea



This beautiful small spaniel has dark round expressive eyes that are large but not prominent. The tail is sometimes docked to no less then three times its length. It has a conical muzzle and a flat skull. It has a shallow stop, with well developed nose and wide nostrils. The ears are long with abundant feathering. It has a silky coat, sometimes with a slight waviness that comes in ruby, black & tan, tri-color and blenheim (rich chestnut on a pearly-white background). On Blenheim dogs, a chestnut-red spot on top of the head between the ears is preferred by breeders, but not critical.


The cavalier in many ways fits the bill as an ideal house pet. It is sweet, gentle, playful, willing to please, affectionate and quiet. It is amiable toward other dogs, pets and strangers. Outdoors, its spaniel heritage kicks in, and it loves to explore, sniff and chase.


The cavalier needs a fair amount of exercise every day, either in the form of a moderate walk on leash or a romp in a safe area. This is not a breed that should live outdoors. Its long coat needs brushing every other day.


Comb or brush with a firm bristle brush, and bathe or dry shampoo as necessary. The feathered hair on the ears is prone to tangling and matting, so this dog should be thoroughly groomed often. The hair between the pads on the feet should be kept trimmed a


Major concerns: MVI, CHD

Minor concerns: patellar luxation, entropion

Occasionally seen: retinal dysplasia

Suggested tests: cardiac, hip, knee, eye

Note: Cavaliers should not be bred until the age of 5 ye