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Country of Origin: Yugoslavia (Serbia)

Group: Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid Breeds - Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs

Section: Molossoid breeds

Original Function: cattle herding, guardian

Todays Function: cattle herding, guardian, companion

Dimension Male: 56-61 cm

Dimension Female: 56-61 cm

Weight Male: 35-45 kg

Weight Female: 30-40 kg

Litter Size: 5-7 puppies

Life span: 11-13 years

Other Names: Sar Planina, Macedonian-Yugoslav Shepherd Dog - Sh

Colors: Gray, white, tan or black, solid or blend colors

Living: the sarplaninac is not recommended for apartment life. it has an all-weather coat and will be conte

Recognized: CKC, FCI, NKC, APRI, ACR


The coat of the Sarplaninac is about 4 inches (10 cm.) long. The hair is dense and evenly distributed. Colors include: gray, white, tan or black. Colors can be solid or blend. The Sarplaninac is one of the few flock guards that comes in solid colors other than white. The body is medium in size and bone. The feathering on the underbelly and legs and the bushy tail, however, give the appearance of a much huskier dog. The tip of the nose is quite large but not protruding. The tail is slightly curved in repose. The forearm is well boned, well muscled, and almost vertical. The eyes are dark and almond-shaped. A keen, discriminating expression is characteristic.


The Sarplaninac is slightly smaller than many other livestock guarding breeds. This dog breed has great strength and large teeth to scare off predators. It is a highly intelligent and independent dog that is devoted to family members and wary of strangers. The Sarplaninac is calm normally but will become fearless if threatened.


This breed needs a lot of physical exercise. On a farm running free it will take care of its own exercise needs, however, if they are not actively working on a farm, they need to be taken on a daily walk or jog.


The Sarplaninac needs to be bathed only when necessary to avoid drying out the dog"s skin. This dog also needs to be brushed weekly.


Major concerns: CHD

Minor concerns: patellar luxation

Occasionally seen: elbow dysplasia

Suggested tests: hip, knee