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Saint Bernard
Saint Bernard

Country of Origin: Switzerland

Group: Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid Breeds - Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs

Section: Molossoid breeds

Original Function: draft, search and rescue

Todays Function: companion

Dimension Male: 61-70 cm

Dimension Female: 61-70 cm

Weight Male: 50-91 kg

Weight Female: 50-91 kg

Litter Size: 2-12 puppies

Life span: 8-10 years

Other Names: St. Bernhardshund, Alpine Mastiff

Colors: White with red markings or red with white markings. the red is in various shades and there are also

Living: In spite of their size, these dogs do quite well in an apartment if they are sufficiently exercised.



The Saint Bernard is a very large, strong, muscular dog, with a powerful head. As long as the weight stays in proportion with the height, the taller the dog the more prized. There are two types of coat: rough, and smooth, but both are very dense and come in white with markings in tan, red, mahogany, brindle, and black - in various combinations. The face and ears are usually shaded with black and the expression is intelligent and gentle. In the rough-coated dogs, the hair is slightly longer and there is feathering on the thighs and legs. The feet are large with strong well-arched toes, making the Saint Bernard"s sure-footed in the snow and ice. They have a highly developed sense of smell and also seem to have a sixth sense about impending danger from storms and avalanches.


The calm, easygoing Saint Bernard is gentle and patient around children, although it is not particularly playful. It is devoted to its family and is willing to please, although at its own pace. It can be stubborn.


The Saint Bernard needs daily exercise in order to stay fit. Its requirements can be met with moderate walks and short runs, however. It is best raised outdoors, away from slick surfaces. Overweight puppies raised indoors are more prone to hip problems. It enjoys cold weather and does not do well in heat. This breed can live outside in temperate to cold weather, but does best when allowed access to both house and yard. Its coat, whether long or short, needs weekly brushing, more so when shedding. All Saints drool.


Both types of coats are easy to groom. Comb and brush with a firm bristle brush, and bathe only when necessary. Shampoo may strip the coat of its oily, water-resistant properties, so use a mild soap. The eyes, which may be inclined to water, need special


Major concerns: CHD, gastric torsion, entropion, ectropion, distichiasis, elbow dysplasia, osteosarcoma

Minor concerns: OCD, diabetes, heart conditions, cardiomyopathy, pyotraumatic dermatitis

Occasionally seen: epilepsy

Suggested tests: hip, elbow, cardiac, eye

Note: The Saint Bernard does not tolerate heat well.