Country of Origin: Germany
Group: Sheepdogs and Cattle Dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs)
Original Function: sheep herding, guarding, police dog
Todays Function: police, contraband detection, assistance, herding trials, schutzhund
Dimension Male: 60-65 cm
Dimension Female: 55-60 cm
Weight Male: 35-40 kg
Weight Female: 35-40 kg
Litter Size: 7-8 puppies
Life span: 10-12 years
Other Names: Alsatian, Deutscher Schaferhund
Colors: German shepherd dogs come in various colors, with strong dark colors preferred. all colors are permi
Living: Because they are fairly inactive indoors, german shepherd dogs are perfectly happy as indoor dogs, e
Recognized: CKC, FCI, AKC, UKC, KCGB, CKC, ANKC, NKC, NZKC, GSDCA, APRI, ACR
The German Shepherd Dog is also known as the Alsatian. It is handsome, well proportioned and very strong. The nose is most often black but, blue or liver still do sometimes occur, but is considered a fault and can not be shown. The coat most often comes in black with tan, sable or all black, but also can come in blue, liver and white, but those colors are considered a fault according to most standards. White is not an acceptable color for the German Shepherd, however they are now being recognized as a separate breed, called the American White Shepherd. A piebald color has also occured in a single GSD bloodline which are now being called Panda Shepherds. A Panda is 35% white, the remainder of color is black and tan, and has no white German Shepherds in its ancestry. The GSD has a sturdy, muscular, slightly elongated body with a light but solid bone structure. Its head should be in proportion to its body, and the forehead a little convex. It has a strong scissors bite, ears wide at the base, pointed, upright, and turned forward (the ears of puppies under six months may droop slightly). The eyes are almond-shaped, never protruding, dark, with a lively, intelligent expression. Its bushy tail reaches almost to its hocks and hangs down when the dog is at rest. Its front legs and shoulders are muscular; its thighs thick and sturdy. It has round feet with very hard soles. There are three varieties of the German Shepherd: rough-coated, long rough-coated, and the long-haired.
Among the most intelligent of breeds, the German shepherd dog is so intent on its mission ? whatever that may be ? that it is virtually unsurpassed in working versatility. It is utterly devoted and faithful. Aloof and suspicious toward strangers, it is protective of its home and family. It can be domineering. It can be aggressive toward other dogs, but it is usually good with other pets.
This breed needs daily mental and physical challenges. It enjoys a good exercise session as well as learning session. It can live outside in temperate to cool climates, but it is family-oriented and does equally well as a house dog. Its coat needs brushing one or two times weekly.
This breed sheds bits of hair constantly and is a seasonally heavy shedder. A quick daily brushing is best unless hair in the house is not a problem. They should be bathed rarely, only once or twice a year to avoid skin oil depletion.
Major concerns: CHD, elbow dysplasia
Minor concerns: panosteitis, vWD, progressive posterior paresis, cauda equina, pyotraumatic dermatitis, skin allergies, malignant neoplasms, pannus, cataract, gastric torsion, perianal fistulas, cardiomyopathy
Occasionally seen: pancreatic insufficiency
Suggested tests: hip, elbow, eye (blood)